Do you want to know if Addiction is a disease or not? As we all know, Addiction is a severe problem nowadays. In the old days, people did not respond thoughtfully to Addiction, and from their point of view. Addiction is not a mental illness; they considered it a personal choice. But in April 2011, the American society of addiction medicine provide a clear definition of Addiction after four years of comprehensive study. According to the American culture of addiction medicine, Addiction is a chronic mental illness but treatable. And treatable addiction is also an addiction killer.
Moreover, a recent research report showed that about 21 million people are addicted in America, and it is said that only 10 percent of people are getting treatment for the Addiction. In addition, Addiction has severe effects on everyone’s life. It affects personal and professional life, but you don’t need to worry because different treatment options are available for this mental illness. Addiction killer is very important for a person’s life.
Furthermore, when these individuals start taking drugs or any kind of liquids, they think that they will control its use according to their will and prevent its side effects. But with time, the required dose of that drug or alcohol keeps increasing to maintain that level of pleasure and satisfaction. Thus substance taking becomes a regular part of their lives and trouble for their friends and family. The brain drives the compulsive, uncontrollable drug use called Addiction to that substance.
After some time, the individuals involuntarily choose that drug, even preferring it over their loved ones, and they don’t care if they lose their loved ones during all this process.
The brain on Addiction:
Many areas in the brain are majorly involved in the development of the effects and side effects of various drugs. Those pathways which are related to dopamine are most commonly involved in drug addiction. Dopamine carries signals from one part of the brain to another, just like a train with cargo travels from one station to another.
In healthy people, dopamine is released in various stimuli, i.e., food and exercise stimuli. Drugs hijack these dopamine pathways, and dopamine is now released in response to these drugs, teaching the brain that drugs are good. Therefore, when a drug is used, it produces euphoria, which further increases drug craving and Addiction. Drugs are major reasons for addiction and this needs to be killed i.e addiction killer.
Drugs cause a 10 to 20 fold more significant increase of dopamine than the normal reward stimuli. The exact amount of dopamine depends on the type of drug taken. Cocaine releases less dopamine as compared to amphetamine. So amphetamines cause more pleasure and satisfaction.
What if? (Addiction killer)
If drugs are used for a more extended period of time, then the brain decreases the amount of dopamine produced in response to normal reward stimuli; thus person stops feeling any kind of pleasure from these normal daily life stimuli and depends directly on drugs for pleasure and peace, and he starts increasing the dose of drugs. This just increases his problems, thus pushing the person into a vicious cycle.
When these are used for a short period, they produce minimal and reversible side effects, but when used for a more extended period of time, it causes compulsion and dependence. These people start sitting around drug-friendly people, prefer areas that are filled with bars.
Drugs cause relapse again even after abstinence is done. Damage caused by alcohol or drugs remains years after quitting the drug. Therefore treatment depends on the drug type, its dose, and the type of the person. Relapses characterize dependence; thus, short-term, one-time treatment can’t do good at any cost. Addiction is manageable successfully, but it requires very long-term treatment and a complete follow-up.
How to overcome Addiction
Does people with an addiction problem are responsible for their actions:
No, people with this chronic brain illness are not accountable for their actions. Because when they become addicted, their mind does not remain under control. They just follow their Addiction and do what gives them pleasure. So according to experts, they are not responsible for their actions.